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  INTRO INFO:
Amazon
Amazon Lodges
Andes Cloud Forest
Andes Mountains

  SPECIAL INTEREST:
Amazon Wildlife & Indians
Camping & Hiking
Conservation
Giant Otters
Macaw Clay Licks

  DESTINATION Info:
Chachapoyas
Cusco
Inca Trail
Iquitos
Kuelap Fortress
Machu Picchu
Manu National Park
Manu Wilderness
Pacaya-Samiria
     National Reserve
Sandoval Lake
Tambopata
Tamshiyaco-Tahuayo
     Community Reserve
Tarapoto

  TRAVEL JOURNALS:
Introduction
    to the Journals
Black Lagoon
Shubet Expedition
Pongo de Mainique

 
 
 
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Peru    USA Travelers  
USA Embassy information:
The U.S. embassy in Peru is located at:
Avendia la Encalada, Cuadra 17 s/n, Monterrico (Surco), Lima 33
tel. (511) 434-3000; fax. (511) 434-3037
Home page: http://usembassy.state.gov/lima

The embassy is open from 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m., Monday-Friday, except U.S. and some Peruvian holidays. The American Citizen Services section is open to the public from 8:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m.
The mailing address from the United States is:
American Embassy Lima, APO AA 34031 (use U.S. domestic postage rates).
The Consular Agency in Cuzco is located at:
Anda Tullamayu 125
tel. (51) (84) 224112 or (51) (84) 239451; fax. (51) (84) 233541.

Emergency information concerning Americans traveling abroad may be obtained from the Office of Overseas Citizens Services at (202) 647-5225. For after-hours emergencies, Sundays and holidays, call 202-647-4000.


The Peruvian Tourism Police
Peru has a specialized body of the National Police of Perú whose mission is the security and protection for the tourist. These policemen are usually located in the main commercial areas, hotels, archeological centers, museums, etc., that are frequently visited by tourists. Generally they speak English.

Offices of the Tourism Police
  Lima
The central headquarters of the Tourism Police are located in the city of Lima.
Address: 2465 Javier Prado Este Avenue, San Borja
(in the local of the Museo de la Nación)
Telephone: +(51 1) 225-8698 / 225-8699 / 476-9882
Fax: +(51 1) 476-7708


Peru    History  
Ancient Peru was the seat of several prominent Andean civilizations, most notably that of the Incas whose empire was captured by the Spanish conquistadores in 1533.

Peruvian independence was declared in 1821, and remaining Spanish forces defeated in 1824. After a dozen years of military rule, Peru returned to democratic leadership in 1980, but experienced economic problems and the growth of a violent insurgency.

President Alberto FUJIMORI's election in 1990 ushered in a decade that saw a dramatic turnaround in the economy and significant progress in curtailing guerrilla activity. Nevertheless, the president's increasing reliance on authoritarian measures and an economic slump in the late 1990s generated mounting dissatisfaction with his regime. FUJIMORI won reelection to a third term in the spring of 2000, but international pressure and corruption scandals caused him to resign in November of that year.

A caretaker government oversaw new elections in the spring of 2001, which ushered in Alejandro TOLEDO as the new head of government.
 


Peru    Geography Top of Page
Location: Western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador.
Geographic coordinates: 10 00 S, 76 00 W
Area:
  total: 1,285,220 sq km (496,225 sq. miles)
  land: 1.28 million sq km
  water: 5,220 sq km

Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Alaska.
Land boundaries: total: 5,536 km
  Border countries:
    Bolivia 900 km
    Brazil 1,560 km
    Chile 160 km
    Colombia 1,496 km (est.)
    Ecuador 1,420 km

Coastline: 2,414 km with a 200-mile maritime dominion

Peru    Weather Top of Page
Seasons for Peru:
  Summer: December 22nd. to March 21st.
  Autumn: March 22nd. to June 21st.
  Winter: June 22nd. to September 22nd.
  Spring: September 23rd. to December 21st.
Climate:
Coastal area, arid and mild. Andean region, temperate to frigid. Eastern lowlands, tropically warm and humid.

Peru    People Top of Page
Population: 27,483,864 (July 2001 est.)
Age structure:
  0-14 years: 34.41% (male 4,803,464; female 4,654,890)
  15-64 years: 60.8% (male 8,408,210; female 8,302,943)
  65 years and over: 4.79% (male 603,309; female 711,048) (2001 est.)

Population growth rate: 1.7% (2001 est.)
Birth rate: 23.9 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Death rate: 5.78 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
  total population:70.3 years
  male: 67.9 years
  female: 72.81 years (2001 est.)

Ethnic groups:
  Amerindian 45%
  Mestizo (mixed Amerindian and White) 37%
  White 15%
  Black, Japanese, Chinese, and other 3%

Religions: Roman Catholic 90%
Languages: Spanish (official), Quechua (official), Aymara

Peru    Government Top of Page
Country name:
  conventional long form: Republic of Peru
  conventional short form: Peru
  local long form: Republica del Peru
  local short form: Peru

Government type: constitutional republic
Capital: Lima
Independence: 28 July 1821 (from Spain)
National holiday: Independence Day, 28 July (1821)
Constitution: 31 December 1993
Legal system: based on civil law system; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Flag description: three equal, vertical bands of red (hoist side), white, and red with the coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms features a shield bearing a llama, cinchona tree (the source of quinine), and a yellow cornucopia spilling out gold coins, all framed by a green wreath.

Peru    Economy Top of Page
Economy - overview: The Peruvian economy has become increasingly market-oriented, with major privatizations completed since 1990 in the mining, electricity, and telecommunications industries. Thanks to strong foreign investment and the cooperation between the FUJIMORI government and the IMF and World Bank, growth was strong in 1994-97 and inflation was brought under control. In 1998, El Nino's impact on agriculture, the financial crisis in Asia, and instability in Brazilian markets undercut growth. And 1999 was another lean year for Peru, with the aftermath of El Nino and the Asian financial crisis working its way through the economy. Political instability resulting from the presidential election and FUJIMORI's subsequent departure from office limited economic growth in 2000.
GDP: purchasing power parity - $123 billion (2000 est.)
GDP - real growth rate: 3.6% (2000 est.)
GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $4,550 (2000 est.)
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 15% industry: 42% services: 43% (1999)
Currency: nuevo sol
Exchange rates: nuevo sol per US dollar - 3.5230 (January 2001), 3.4900 (2000), 3.383 (1999), 2.930 (1998), 2.664 (1997), 2.453 (1996)

Peru    Transportation Top of Page
Railways: total: 1,988 km standard gauge: 1,608 km 1.435-m gauge narrow gauge: 380 km 0.914-m gauge
Highways: total: 72,900 km paved: 8,700 km unpaved: 64,200 km (1999 est.)
Waterways: 8,808 km note: 8,600 km of navigable tributaries of Amazon system and 208 km of Lago Titicaca
Ports and harbors: Callao, Chimbote, Ilo, Matarani, Paita, Puerto Maldonado, Salaverry, San Martin, Talara, Iquitos, Pucallpa, Yurimaguas note: Iquitos, Pucallpa, and Yurimaguas are all on the upper reaches of the Amazon and its tributaries
Airports: 233 (2000 est.)
Airports - with paved runways: total: 46
Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 187

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