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Amazon & Amazonia

South America Amazon "Amazon"
generally refers to the Amazon River, the largest river in the world by volume of water exceeded in length only by the Nile River of Africa. Length of the Amazon River including the Maranon River which rises about 100 miles from the Pacific Ocean and is considered the Amazon proper, 4000 miles; length including the Ucayali and its headstream, the Apurimac, 3915 miles.

"Amazonia"
describes the regions about the Amazon River in South America including the greater part of Brazil and parts of bordering countries, especially Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia; so called because early Spanish explorers thought they saw female warriors on the banks of the river.

The Amazonia rain forest is the largest tropical forest on Earth, covering about 2.7 million square miles (seven million square kilometers) or 90% the size of the 48 lower states of the U.S.

Though the Peruvian Amazon is only 10% of this total, it represents the wildest, most wildlife-packed rain forest in the world. Three areas in the Peruvian Amazon are the focal points for visitors seeking a wildlife and nature experience: The Manu Wilderness and the Tambopata Region of southeastern Peru, and the Iquitos-Amazon River region of northeastern Peru, including the Pacaya-Samiria National Reserve.

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   Manu Wilderness    Tambopata    Pacaya-Samiria Reserve    Tamshiyaco-Tahuayo Reserve
 


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